The Phase of Liberal Republicanism (1794-99)

The Phase of Liberal Republicanism (1794-99):

The decline of Robespierre is known as the “Thermodorian reaction”. It was named after a French calendar. This event occurred on the 9th day of Thermodorian. Thermodorian reaction is supposed to be a rightist reaction but when we observe deeply, we find that against Robespierre both rightist and leftist leaders took the initiative to end the one-man dictatorship. But it was another thing that from it the rightist elements were more benefitted. On the basis of a new constitution in 1795 a bicameral legislature came into existence. In fact, learning from the lesson of the predominance of a group or a party in a unicameral legislature under the new constitution a bicameral legislature was constituted.

Likewise, the executive power was invested in five directors, so it is known as the government under directors. As we observe later this government of directors could not solve some important questions and could not check the popular discontentment so ultimately it prepared the way for the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte.

Napoleonic Imperialism
Napoleonic War
Short Note on Napoleon Bonaparte
Decline of the Napoleonic Empire
Spread of Revolutionary Principles
Popular Movement
Metternich and the Vienna Peace Settlement
The Phase of Constitutional Monarchy (1789-92)
The Phase of Radical Republicanism (1792-94)
The United States and the French Revolution, 1789–1799